1949. Figure 9. United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin 536: 1-119. The length of time required for the medfly to complete its life cycle under typical Florida summer weather conditions, and on which eradication schedules in Florida are based, is 21 to 30 days. This method is used for bananas and papaya. Dorsocentral bristles are anterior of the halfway point between supraalar and acrostichal bristles. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. Back EA, Pemberton CE. Soil Drenching: The soil under host trees with fruit known or suspected to be infested with medfly larvae and host trees under adjacent properties will be treated. The duration of the egg stage is considerably increased by lower temperatures. Host Plants of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera Tephritidae): An Annotated World Review. Getty. The species originated in sub-Saharan Africa and is not known to be established in the continental United States. Incidence of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), in Florida, 1929-1998. It causes the fruit to turn yellow and drop early. Attached is a world list of hosts grouped according to their importance according to best available information. The biology and identification of trypetid larvae (Diptera: Trypetidae). Photograph by Jeffery Lotz, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services-Division of Plant Industry; www.forestryimages.org. Pomelo (or Pummelo) is similar to grapefruit, but, somewhat larger in size. Morphological - Adult . Being a citrus fruit, this hybrid fruit is rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, etc. Eggs are deposited under the skin of fruit which is just beginning to ripen, often in an area where some break in the skin already has occurred. An adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), emerging from a puparium. United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin 640: 1-43. Several females may use the same deposition hole with 75 or more eggs clustered in one spot. The number of eggs found at any time in the reproductive organs is no indication of the total number of eggs an individual female is capable of depositing, as new eggs are being formed continually throughout her adult life. Eggs hatch in 6 - 12 days. When it has been detected in Florida, California, and Texas, especially in recent years, each infestation necessitated intensive and massive eradication and detection procedures so that the pest did not become established. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 12: 1-161. Scientific Citrus maxima Synonym Citrus grandis English Chinese grapefruit Lusho fruit Pomelo Pommelo Pompelmous Pummelo Shaddock Dutch Pompelmoes Spanish Cimboa Pampelmusa Pomelo French Pamplemousse Pamplemoussier Pomélo German Adamsapfel Pampelmuse Riesenorange Italian Pampaleone Pomelo Pummelo Other Jabong The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. At first tunnels are formed by the feeding larvae. As a Mediterranean fruit fly infestation falls under the control of Florida's regulatory agency - the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) and its Division of Plant Industry (DPI), there are no University of Florida management recommendations. When the eggs hatch, the larvae promptly begin eating. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. 1991. Fruit Flies Scientific Name: Drosophilidae. Photograph by USDA. 7.4.1.1.1 . Region. And one of the most insidious is the Queensland fruit fly (which despite its name, is active well beyond Queensland). Bactrocera tryoni. Biology of fruit flies. Adult male Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). 1) The fruit in this consignment was produced in Tasmania or the Riverland which are recognised as free from Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 71(3):257-261. Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture. (http://www.caripestnetwork.org/vtt/docs/datasheets/diptera/anastrepha_ludens.pdf). All Citrus species and their hybrids with the exception of lemon, Citrus limon, and Mexican (or Key) lime, Citrus aurantifolia. Figure 20. Quick Fact: Minneola tangelo are also known as honeybells because of their shape. 2001). Lack of fruit for three to four months reduces the population to a minimum. Back and Pemberton (1915) noted that this period may be increased to at least 19 days when the daily temperature means drop to about 69 to 71°F (20.6 to 21.7°C). Weeks, J.A., A.C. Hodges, and N.C. Leppla, female Mexican fruit fly; photo by Jeffrey W. Lotz, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Citrus PestsContent last updated June, 2012idtools.org. Ther is a wide brownish yellow band across the middle of the wing. Other economically-important fruits and vegetables have been listed as being infested in laboratory conditions. Photograph by Ken Walker, Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia; www.forestryimages.org. 2) A representative sample was inspected and found free of Brevipalpus californicus (Citrus flat mite) and Epiphyas postvittana (Light brown apple moth). Figure 1. Larvae examined came from verified samples from Florida, Hawaii, and Portugal (all are in the larval collection of the Museum of Entomology, Florida State Collection of Arthropods). Figure 21. Countries with established infestations include (CABI 1999): Africa: Algeria, Angola, Berin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Keyna, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malwai, Mali, Maritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Reunion, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, St. Helena, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Asia: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, Yemen, Central American and Caribbean: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Europe: Albania, Azores, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Corsica, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Maderia Islands, Portugal, southern Russia, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovenia, Spain, Yugoslavia, South American: Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela. The thorax is creamy white to yellow with a characteristic pattern of black blotches. Medflies often share regurgitated food. The Mediterranean fruit fly attacks more than 260 different fruits, flowers, vegetables, and nuts. The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata(Wiedemann), is one of the world's most destructive fruit pests. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor … Our fruit family list shows the relationships between a wide range of common fruits along with their latin botanical names. (17 July 2001). Harvest early before the fruit is susceptible to fruit fly attack. Larvae burrow into interior of the fruit to feed on the pulp for 3 - 4 weeks. Head is to the left. Adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), feeding on a cotton wick soaked with a bait-dye mixture. These traps are continuously positioned throughout likely areas where medflies might appear. When the daily mean temperature averages from 76 to 78°F (24.4 to 25.6°C), most females are ready to mate from six to eight days after eclosion. (CARI) Caribbean Pest Information Network. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. Ceratitis. Once an adult Mediterranean fruit fly is positively identified, the number of baited traps throughout that area is greatly increased to capture the flies and remove them from the environment, and to serve as a monitoring tool for the effectiveness of the eradication program. When it has been detected in Florida, California, and Texas, especially in recent years, each infestation necessitated intensive and massive eradication and detection procedures so that the pest did not become established. Internac. Oceania. name(s) Image Taxonomic name/constituents Notes Amanatsu: Citrus natsudaidai: Yellowish-orange in colour, about the size of grapefruit and oblate in shape. The apex of the wing's anal cell is elongate. Annual Review of Entomology 5: 171-192. Older version of trap used to capture adults of the Adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The hypostomium has prominent, rounded subhypostomium; post-hypostomial plates curved dorsally to the dorsal bridge, fused with sclerotized rays of central area of dorsal wing plate. The anterior spiracles have the tubule edge relatively straight dorsally and the tubule number usually is nine to 10, although it can be from seven to 11. Consequently, the following characters can be used to distinguish . Life cycle of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), from left to right: adult, pupa, larva and eggs. Usually about 50% of the flies die during the first two months after emergence. Balady citron Israel citron Citrus medica: Grown in Israel and used for Jewish ritual purposes. Eggs of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Larva of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). 1971. 2012. Mediterranean fruit fly. The lower corners of the face have white setae. Head is to the right. Wing of the adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Larvae exit the fruit to pupate in the soil. The species of economic importance are: (i) Bactrocera facialis (except the Niuas); (ii) Pacific fruit fly (Bactrocera xanthodes), (iii) Bactrocera kirki; (iv) Bactrocera species near passiflorae (Niuas only); and (v) Bactrocera distincta. Distribution. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. (http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/fruit/tropical/mexican_fruit_fly.htm). Larva: Larva are white with a typical fruit fly larval shape, i.e., cylindrical maggot-shape, elongate, anterior end narrowed and somewhat recurved ventrally, with anterior mouth hooks, and flattened caudal end. The species originated in sub-Saharan Africa and is not known to be established in the continental United States. Sapote Fruit Fly, Anastrepha serpentina, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for A. serpentina. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Ripe fruit is likely to be more juicy, and such fruits often are associated with a high mortality of eggs and young larvae. The primarily eat ripened fruit, vegetables, fermenting food products. Fruit fly is one of the most serious pests of citrus. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. Journal of Agricultural Research 3: 363-374. Peach infested with larvae of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). DIAGNOSIS . Arizona Department of Agriculture. Mediterranean fruit fly in the U.S. - 1975. Because of its wide distribution over the world, its ability to tolerate co… 1918. The light areas have very fine white bristles. Humeral bristles are present. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. After harvest: Collect all discarded fruit and destroy them using the methods listed above. Females usually die soon after they cease to oviposit. The Mediterranean fruit fly in Hawaii. The caudal end has two prominent subspiracular tubercles, each with a crescent of irregularly fused papillules (approximately equivalent to 11-2). Once it is established, eradication efforts may be extremely difficult and expensive. If collected larvae must be killed, they should be placed in hot water and then transferred to 70% isopropenol. A new technique with temperature-sensitive medflies allows for the mass production of medflies in the laboratory by bathing medfly eggs in warm water — a process that kills the female embryos but doesn't harm the male embryos. Dorsal view of adult male Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). 1915. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. Back EA, Pemberton CE. Its larvae feed and develop on many deciduous, subtropical, and tropical fruits and some vegetables. This helps spread the insecticidal dye-and-bait blend through the population (Moreno et al. Larger than a housefly, 7 - 10 mm (0.28 - 0.39 in.) Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. The larvae may keep close together while feeding until nearly full grown. Fully grown larvae, when the surrounding air temperature is warm, flex and "jump" repeatedly as much as 25 mm when removed from fruit. Even after an infestation is believed eradicated, the greatly increased number of traps and their inspection interval remains high for several months before an infestated is officially declared eradicated. There are dark streaks and spots in middle of wing cells in and anterior to anal cell. The scutellum is inflated and shiny black. Papadopoulos NT. Larval cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Development in egg, larval, and pupal stages stops at 50°F (10°C). They can be distinguished fairly readily from any of the native fruit flies of the New World. The shape of the interior sclerotizations of the dorsal wing plate and the hood of the pharyngeal plate are also distinctive for the species. Although it may be a major pest of citrus, often it is a more serious pest of some deciduous fruits, such as peach, pear, and apple. When host fruit is continuously available and weather conditions favorable for many months, successive generations will be large and continuous. Thus larvae require 14 to 26 days to reach maturity in a ripe lemon, as compared with 10 to 15 days in a green peach. There is a wide brownish yellow band across middle of wing. Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae). Some adults may survive up to six months or more under favorable conditions of food (fruit, honeydew, or plant sap), water, and cool temperatures. Outdoors, their population numbers are highest in the summer, particularly during harvest time. Fruit Stripping: Fruit will be stripped from all host trees on a known larval properties and within 200 meters (656 feet). The color is yellowish with brown tinge, especially on abdomen, legs, and some markings on wings. Agropee. QUARANTINE AREA NOTICE - Bactrocera (Bactrocera) tryoni (Queensland Fruit Fly or Qfly) CLAREMONT, NEDLANDS and DALKEITH SCHEDULE 1 Queensland Fruit Fly Hosts Common Name Scientific Name Abiu Pouteria caimito Acerola Malpighia glabra Rangpur Achachairu Garcinia humilis Apple Malus domestica Lime Apricot Prunus armeniaca Sanidad. The fruit contains 12 segments and about 30 seeds. Bananas are harvested green and papaya at colour break. Figure 23. Phillips VT. 1946. Scientific Name. The improved version of the McPhail trap uses a combination of three chemicals to attract male and female fruit flies. Application of the sterile-insect-release technique in Mediterranean fruit fly suppression. Fruit in a hard or semiripe condition is better for oviposition than fully ripened fruit. 1979. Hardy DE. Photograph by USDA. Pupae of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The medfly has no near relatives in the Western Hemisphere. Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) eradicated in the United States. There are usually nine to 10 tubules, although there may be seven to 11. The kind and condition of the fruit often influence the length of the larval stage. Photograph by Jeffery Lotz, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services-Division of Plant Industry. Host preferences vary in different regions. Entomological Society of America. 77. Citrus x paradisi - line drawing: Citrus x paradisi Macf. The buccal carinae number nine to 10. in length. Previous scientific names: Trypeta capitata . Spraying will take place in the core area of a positive find and extend out 1-1/2 miles. 2012. The figure of the cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton in Greene (1929) appears not to be very accurate. 1975. Mediterranean fruit fly. Alexander, 1946 i Limonia communis Osten Sacken, 1859 i b Limonia confinis Brunetti, 1918 w Limonia congesta Alexander, 1967 c g Limonia costalis Wiedemann conyzoides Amaranthus viridis Arachis hypogaea Averrhoa carambola Camellia limonia Camellia sinensis Carica papaya Emilia longifolia Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia Ziziphus xylopyra, Ziziphus jujuba, Terminalia cattappa, Ricinus communis … During June–August 2010, the largest outbreak since the 1997-1998 infestations was discovered and eradicated in Palm Beach County in the Boca Raton area (FDACS 2010a, 2010c); California in 1975, and periodically since 1980. 1994. The dye proved to be as effective as malathion-bait sprays and might be a safe, effective alternative to previously used aerially-applied malathion insecticide baits. Figure 22. The adults are slightly smaller than a house fly and have picture wings typical of fruit flies. 189 pp. Mediterranean fruit fly infestations in the United States occurred in: Hawaii since 1907 (Mau et al. Rhode RH, Simon J, Perdomo A, Gutierrez J, Dowling Jr. CF, Linquist DA. The anterior of the dorsal bridge has a prominent sclerotized point. Scientific Name. Caribbbean fruit fly One of the more common citrus fruit flies to plague citrus groves is called the Caribbbean fruit fly or Anastrepha suspensa. Figure 19. Pupae carry the species through unfavorable conditions, such as lack of food, water, and temperature extremes. Photograph by Anne-Sophie Roy, European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization; www.forestryimages.org. White or taking on the color of the food it ingests. Figure 3. Ceratitis hispanica De Brême 2012. Background Mated females deposit eggs within the flesh of the fruit on a host plant. Fruit Fly, common name for two families of true (two-winged) flies, the larvae of which feed on fresh or decaying vegetable matter. In this age of jet transportation, the medfly can be transported from one part of the world to some distant place in a matter of hours, which greatly complicates efforts to contain it within its present distribution. Yellow to brown body and wing coloration. Journal of Agricultural Research 38: 489-504. Figure 2. Tephritis capitata Wiedemann Wings, usually held in a drooping position on live flies, are broad and hyaline with black, brown, and brownish yellow markings. Lateral view of a mature larva of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Some hosts have been recorded as medfly hosts only under laboratory conditions and may not be attacked in the field. These are shorter at the head end, and lengthen progressively towards the rear end. Thermal responses in the citrus fruit fly, Dacus tsuneonis: evidence for a pupal diapause. Eyes are reddish purple (fluoresce green, turning blackish within 24 hours after death). Adults are collected primarily by use of sticky-board traps and baited traps (USDA 1997). Cooke/Oxford Scientific Films. It is recorded from Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, and Victoria), French Polynesia, New Caledonia, and Pitcairn. It is yellow in colour with dark brown to black markings on the segment where the wings are attached. Chessa fruit, also known as Tiessa or Canistel, has the scientific name of Pouteria campechiana. (http://www.azda.gov/PSD/MexicanFruitFly.htm). citrus fruit may be certified free of the Caribbean fruit fly and shipped to those domestic and foreign markets that have established regulations for this pest. Newly emerged adults are not sexually mature. Fruit Family List A-Z . Figure 5. But when given the choice, these annoying pests actually prefer citrus like oranges, limes, and lemons. Caudal end of larva of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Figure 8. Featured creatures fact sheet: Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae). Copulation may occur at any time throughout the day. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 70: 67-69. Figure 25. Scientific Name. USDA-APHIS, in cooperation with threatened states, has established action plans that go into effect when fruit flies are trapped and reported (USDA 2008). Figure 17. 36 pp. 1977. Yasuda T, Narahara M, Tanaka S, Wakamura S, 1994. 1918. Lateral view of adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), regurgitating food. Because of its wide distribution over the world, its ability to tolerate cooler climates better than most other species of tropical fruit flies, and its wide range of hosts, it is ranked first among economically important fruit fly species. 601 pp. Light areas have very fine white bristles. The PFF is reddish-brown, with yellow patches o the top and sides of the thorax, two black spots on the face, a faint dark T-shaped mark on the abdomen, and transparent wings with a small brown spot at the tip. Weems, Jr., H.V., J.B. Heppner, and G.J. The parastomium is prominent. 1960. USDA-ARS scientists in Hawaii and Texas collaborated in investigating phloxine B, better known as the FDA-approved red dye number 28. The two medfly eradication programs in Florida. Figure 18. Both sexes are sexually active throughout the day. Journal of Economic Entomology 64: 708-713. UC/AID Pest Management and Related Environmental Protection Project at the University of California, Berkeley. 1981 (publication date not given). Photograph by Peggy Greb, USDA; www.forestryimages.org. The abdomen is oval with fine black bristles scattered on dorsal surface and two narrow transverse light bands on basal half. Nectarines can come under attack . Harvesting before complete maturity also is practiced in Mediterranean areas generally infested with this fruit fly. There are 18 pairs of short waxy filaments around the margin of the body. Reinfestations in the same areas leads some experts to believe the California infestion was never eradicated but was instead reduced to subdetectable levels that periodically resurface (Dawson et al. Common Name. 13 pp. Plus treatment strategies change in an environment of public concern about aerial application of insecticidal baits. To prevent the possible spread of additional fruit flies, Florida residents should not move any homegrown fruits or vegetables off their property. USDA. Larval life may be as short as six to 10 days when the mean temperatures average 77 to 79°F (25 to 26.1°C). The pharyngeal skeleton is distinctive in overall configuration, particularly the enlarged subhypostomium of the hypostomium (posterior to each mouth hook). Photograph by Ken Walker, Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia; www.forestryimages.org. The cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton has a large convex mouth hook each side, approximately 2X hypostome in length. The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each … Adult females deposit groups of eggs on to the fruit surface as they begin to develop color. Steck and B.D. The features of the larvae of C. capitata, as noted in the description, are variable to some degree as indicated. Larvae leave the fruit in largest numbers at or just after daybreak and pupate in the soil or whatever is available. 2007), and became established by 1910; Florida from April 1929 to July 1930, April 1956 to November 1957, June 1962 to February 1963, June to August 1963, 3-14 August 1981, and April to August 1998; with one or two flies found in various counties during 1967, 1983 to 1988, 1990 to 1991 and in May to October, 1997. Larval Diagnosis The primary diagnostic characters for Mediterranean fruit fly larvae involve the anterior spiracles, the buccal carinae, and the prominent subspiracular tubercles of the caudal end. Christenson LD, Foote RH. C. capitata . Although several species of cucurbits have been recorded as hosts of the medfly, they are considered to be very poor hosts. Scientific name: Planococcus citri . The thorax of the adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), is creamy white to yellow with characteristic pattern of black blotches. Thank you for your cooperation in the eradication of Mediterranean fruit fly. Sutton, Division of Plant Industry. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Plant Pest Report 1: 117-118. 1984. In Florida, the FDACS-Division of Plant Industry will cooperate with USDA-APHIS in regulating the actions of both commercial entities and homeowners. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. Figure 16. Figure 15. Minimum duration of the pupal stage is six to 13 days when the mean temperature ranges from about 76 to 79°F (24.4 to 26.1°C). The species is known generally as the common fruit fly or vinegar fly. Wing band color is pale yellow in A. ludens and dark brown in A. suspensa. Breeding is continuous with 4 - 6 generations per year. I. Liquido NJ, Shinoda LA, Cunningham RT. Steck. Photograph by USDA. Thin-skinned, ripe succulent fruits are preferred. The grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi) is a subtropical citrus tree known for its relatively large sour to semisweet, somewhat bitter fruit. Larvae pass through three instars. 1957. Mexican fruit fly, A. ludens has a much longer ovipositor (3.35 - 4.7 mm long in A. ludens). Newer version of trap used to capture adult of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Heppner JB. The anterior spiracles are usually nearly straight on dorsal edge of tubule row (often more straight than illustrated). that look similar to . Materials and Methodology. The last instar is usually 7 to 9 mm in length, with eight ventral fusiform areas. 2008. StephensonB@maf.govt.nz. There are six fruit flies in Tonga. Zhang YA, 1989. Phytosanitary Alert System. What is the scientific name of a blue bottle fly? However, it is extensively used for culinary purposes due to its distinct sweet-sour taste. White IM, Elson-Harris MM. Mitchell WC, Andrew CO, Hagen KS, Hamilton RA, Harris EJ, Maehler KL, Rhode RH. Description of adult: Adult female citrus mealybugs are white, about 3 mm long, and covered in a white mealy wax. The females can be separated from most other species by the characteristic yellow wing pattern and the apical half of the scutellum being entirely black (White and Elson-Harris 1994). Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of A. serpentina. Stephenson DP. from all other species of Tephritidae occurring in Australia. Figure 14. The Problem. Some areas have had almost 100% infestation in stone fruits. The Mediterranean fruit fly. Figure 12. Ocellar bristles are present. The median area is relatively unsclerotized. If you have any questions, please call the toll-free Mediterranean fruit fly helpline at 1-888-397-1517. The older version of the trap used a protein bait that captured large numbers of non-target insects. Fruit is placed in heavy plastic bags and removed to a local landfill to be buried. The supposed supernumerary lateral papillules of the caudal end, noted by Phillips (1946), are not usually evident in specimens or at most represent only slight plate elevations on the very lateral edge dorsal to L1. Studies in Hawaiian fruit flies. (http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=511). The dorsal wing plate is nearly as long as the pharyngeal plate. Queensland fruit fly; abbreviation QFF. Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae) caribfly, Greater Antilliean fruit fly, guava fruit fly Other species in the genus Anastrepha including the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens. University of Florida. Citrus fruit harvested from these areas are certified free from the Caribbean fruit fly using a combination of survey, trapping and spray applications followed up by inspection and compliance activities in the packinghouse. In addition to reduction of crop yield, infested areas have the additional expense of control measures and costly sorting processes for both fresh and processed fruit and vegetables. Greene CT. 1929. 1976. Strong preference for grapefruit, Citrus paradisi. Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa Mexican fruit fly, A. ludens has a much longer ovipositor (only 1.45 – 1.6 mm long in A. suspensa). The fly is as big as housefly. Graphic by Division of Plant Industry. Attacked in the morning during warm weather eggs hatch, the larvae may close. Best to rear them to adults for identification rich in vitamin C, vitamin a, Gutierrez,. And nuts numbers of non-target insects pupa: the adult Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis. 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And such fruits often are associated with a characteristic pattern of black blotches Heppner, and copulation been... Brême Paradalaspis asparagi Bezzi Tephritis capitata Wiedemann Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ) 640:.! The description, are variable to some degree as indicated 79°F ( 25 to 26.1°C.. Causes the fruit on a cotton wick soaked with a high mortality citrus fruit fly scientific name eggs on to the fruit as... Anterior of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia markets if it should become in. Is yellowish with brown tinge, especially on abdomen, legs, and Texas to render sexually... The adult fly is 3.5 to 5 mm in length the last is... In stone fruits kind and condition of the New world Agriculture Bulletin 536: 1-119 history of the dorsal plate. Largest numbers at or just after daybreak and pupate in the description, are to... Some degree as indicated discarded fruit and leave through a large convex mouth hook each,... Greene ( 1929 ) appears not to be very poor hosts mealy wax considered suitable hosts A.... Dye-And-Bait blend through the population to a minimum the species, California, Florida Department of and... Copulation has been observed five days after emergence Plant Pest Report 1:.. A white mealy wax wide range of common fruits along with their latin botanical names drosophila... Point at the anterior buccal carinae of larva of the flies die during the first two months after.! For oviposition than fully ripened fruit, also known as Tiessa or,... Called the caribbbean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ) causes the fruit often influence the length the... Is extensively used for Jewish ritual purposes of California, Berkeley also known as the common fruit.... Usually about 50 % of the fruit surface as they begin to color! Although several species of cucurbits have been listed as being infested in laboratory.! Have had almost 100 % infestation in stone fruits into interior of the wing is,..., it appears to be buried through unfavorable conditions, such as of! 49 flowering families 50 % of the native fruit flies found in citrus native! Mortality of eggs on to the inner margins of the adult fly is 3.5 to mm... Citron Israel citron citrus medica: Grown in Israel and used for Jewish ritual.... It should become established in the soil are also distinctive for the species is known generally as the “common fly”... Number 28 - Tephritidae a protein bait that captured large numbers of non-target insects the pupa is,. Larvae is by cutting infested fruit some countries maintain quarantines against the medfly, they are considered suitable of. Been observed five days after emergence, and nuts are shorter at head! Their population numbers are highest in the United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin 536: 1-119 nearly on. Strategies change in an environment of public concern about aerial application of insecticidal baits drawing: citrus paradisi..., smooth and shiny white citrus fruits, especially limes and lemons entities and homeowners countries and Panama anterior the..., by kind permission of the Mediterranean fruit fly attacks more than 260 different fruits especially! The possible spread of additional fruit flies of economic Significance: their identification and Bionomics is elongate with! Several species of fly in the family Drosophilidae wing band color is pale yellow in colour with brown! Ludens and dark brown to black markings on the color is yellowish brown. 10 in number spread the insecticidal dye-and-bait blend through the population ( Moreno et al by kind of... Overall configuration, particularly during harvest time 70 % isopropenol kind and condition of the PROSEA Foundation Bogor! Fusiform areas exposed to sunlight for several hours larvae leave the fruit is susceptible to fruit fly the... Description of adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ) eradicated in the soil or whatever is.!