number (eg Patt.23 is a 500W profile). Blue is 230V, Red is 415V (3 phase). The decibel (dB) scale is a measure of sound intensity. Longer lasting, but a lot more expensive, they are predominantly used in moving lights or architectural applications. The decibel (dB) scale is a measure of sound intensity. BRIDGE1) A walkway, giving access to technical and service areas above the stage or auditorium, or linking fly-floors. The term also applies to sound - a PATCH BAY is used to connect outboard equipment into the sound desk and to connect sound desk outputs to amplifiers, and amplifiers to speakers. HEADS ON STAGEA shouted warning (often just 'Heads!') For this reason, denser colours get very hot, and can burn out very quickly. This includes stage lighting equipment (lanterns, cables, portable dimmer packs etc.). Dimmable stage lights traditionally use tungsten filaments in a halogen gas (known as Tungsten Halogen lamps). A large bundle or harness of fibres may be fed from one light source, sometimes with a motorised colour or flicker wheel. A slow fade could be anything from 5 seconds to a few minutes (or even more, for a naturalistic sunset lighting effect). The charts can also be used to do a 'rough' focus before a lighting designer arrives at the venue. Can perform additive colour mixing by lowering two colours into position at the same time. KILOWATT1 kilowatt (1kW) is equal to 1000 Watts. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Introduction . Only related to theatre in connection with the musical 'Tommy'. … However, it can complicate things if you are plotting cues out of sequence. A DMX run should always be terminated, and although the system may work without one, continued operation cannot be guaranteed. 1) A performance (or series of performances) before the 'official' opening night. See also FLOOD. INDEPENDENT1) An electrical power supply that is totally separate from the stage lighting control. 1) Up and down (vertical) movement of a lantern, camera or moving light. (US equivalent is FLOORPOCKET). A cue inserted during / after plotting between two existing cues. ALTERNATING CURRENT*An electric current that reverses direction in a circuit at regular intervals. See also FLOATS. The 'hang' is the American equivalent of the lighting rigging session in the UK - the time when the lighting equipment is rigged. Intensity (brightness of the beam), Focus (position of the beam), Colour, Beam (focus quality of the beam - hard-edged, soft-edged, or split through a prism). It follows that if a light source is placed at the focal point, the lens will produce parallel rays. COVERLighting that does a particular job during the show. (e.g. (US) Short for Ellipsoidal Reflector - type of fixed beam profile lantern common in the US. 7) The Final Call is also known as The Half - 35 minutes before the performance starts, and the latest time when the cast and crew should be in the theatre. 1) General term for unit of lighting equipment including spotlight, flood etc. P2Lighting Industry Forum code which identifies the (original) recommended usage of different lamp types. (e.g. See Bifocal Spot, Zoom Profile. 1) Anything in position before the beginning of a scene or act (eg Props placed on stage before the performance, lighting state on stage as the audience are entering.). See also PHOTOFLOOD, CP, A1, T, K. Connecting more than one lantern to one power outlet via an adaptor or splitter, or more than one speaker to one amplifier channel. Translator. 2) An original (e.g. Left/ Right as seen from the Actor's point of view on stage. A lantern supplied with the maximum amount of electrical power a dimmer is able to produce is described at being 'at full intensity' - this is often called '100%' or just 'Full'. When vertical, known as a BOOM. CUE1) The command given to technical departments to carry out a particular operation. This is the process of preparing the theatre for a particular production. Until recently, the three lines were colour-coded Red, Yellow and Blue in the UK. Dichroic filters run cooler, and produce a much cooler beam of light. lantern or projector) and the actor or object being lit. 1) A pre-programmed lighting state which can be faded in and out during a one night show when there's no time for plotting. Does not necessarily result in a 'sharply focused' image. Some American systems use a Pin Plug patching system. The set design groundplan enables the lighting designer to be clear about exact location of all items, and will have the walls of the stage drawn on it so that the stage management team and production manager can plan furniture and set moves offstage. A colour frame is used to hold the colour filter, which slots into the colour runners in front of the lens of the lantern, just behind the barndoors (for a Fresnel or PC). Here you'll find over 1000 definitions of theatrical terms, from Aside, Beam Angle, and Camlock, to Upstaging, VU Meter, and Wagon. (UK) Lighting bar positioned just downstage of the proscenium arch. The blue connector is for power inlet, the grey connector is power outlet. Some theatres use the term for vertical boom positions in front of the proscenium in the house. Most associated with dance lighting, Sidelight comes from the wings of an end-on stage, and lights the dancers' / actors' bodies, without lighting the stage floor, and without lighting the scenery. HOUSE TO HALFA cue given by stage management to the lighting operator to prepare for the start of the show by turning the house lights (the auditorium lighting) to 50% to quieten the audience down, and to give those who aren't yet in their seats a few vital seconds to get into place. For technical cues, lights are normally now used just as a backup to cues given over the headset system. In the US, the board operator is said to be "running the lights". CURRENTThe flow of electricity (electrical charge) through a circuit. CLEANERSAuditorium working lights. (e.g. Protects the user against short circuit (earth faults) and earth leakage caused by damaged cable or faulty equipment. Lighting cues in the prompt book are referred to as LX cues (abbreviated to LXQ). 1) The part of the stage furthest from the audience. See also HALF, QUARTER.See Calls and Cans. Floods are used in battens, or singly to light cycloramas or large areas of the stage. The international term for lighting equipment. Examples are red + cyan, green + magenta, and yellow + blue. Each lighting circuit / socket has a dimmer always connected to it. Some cheaper systems use three graduated colour scrolls (one of each colour) in front of a standard fixture, but these take a massive amount of intensity out of the beam, resulting in a dim light on stage. This includes stage lighting equipment (lanterns, cables, portable dimmer packs etc.). As most of the electrical energy is wasted as heat, more efficient ways of creating light (e.g. Best used on a profile lantern containing a gobo. More complex fixtures might add AMBER and/or WHITE, and the latest LED fixtures may have LIME as well. TRUSSA framework of alloy bars and triangular cross-bracing (usually of scaffolding diameter) providing a rigid structure, particularly useful for hanging lights where no permanent facility is available. Many electronic devices use digital logic. DIMMER RACKA number of individual lighting dimmer circuits built into a single case. It also composes one of the most technical and complicated systems in a theater. See POINT CUE. Also called 'Comms' short for Communications - the same phrases can be used (e.g. in the home). Can be flown behind a gauze or thin cyclorama to give the effect of the moon rising. This refers to the amount of power required to light the lamp. It comprises two flat pieces of timber screwed together with the edge of the cloth between them. A light from directly above the acting area. See also: PyrotechnicsLighting EffectsFog, Smoke & Haze On Stage. Also useful for fault-finding, and for getting everything to a known position either at the end of the day, or when plotting a new cue. A low voltage display lamp with a reflector that lets heat pass through it, rather than reflecting it. Lighting effect. Both types have in common: Used for temporarily securing almost anything. 1) Also called Dip Traps. This is very handy for adding in forgotten channels, or for removing errors. (e.g. The actor / technician can acknowledge the standby by pressing a button which makes the light go steady. 15A PLUG A floor stand consisting of a sheet of metal and a central support is known as a FLOOR PLATE. Can be flown behind a gauze or thin cyclorama to give the effect of the moon rising. In the US, the term plot refers to a plan. Barndoors are also available for parcans and birdies. 1) Additive : Focusing two differently coloured beams of light onto the same area (eg Cyc Floods). 1) Headset earpiece, microphone and beltpack used for communication and co-ordination of technical departments during a performance. Gerb: version of the Roman Candle firework, throwing a shower of sparks into the air. (from WIkipedia) a dome-shaped muscular partition separating the thorax from the abdomen in mammals. See Effects. REFLECTORHighly polished metallic mirror used to direct light beam from a lamp towards the lens at the front of a lantern. (eg 8.5 is inserted between cues 8 and 9). This especially applies to standard dance lighting, when the lanterns are positioned at optimum height to light dancers on the stage floor. PRODUCTION DESKTable in the auditorium at which director/designer etc sit during rehearsals (especially technical rehearsals). SAFETY CHAIN How do designers use technology on stage to tell a story? Each of the phases and one neutral are supplied down a single multicore cable to the building, but effectively give three separate supplies. 8A is a fade up of Cue 8 and 8B is the fade out). Usually takes place before opening night. Also used by the stage management team to keep track of prop moves and changes during the show. (especially TV and Film lighting) Light which fills the shadows that key light creates. A RCBO is a combined MCB and RCD, protecting against earth leakage/short circuit and overload. (100% = 230 - 240 Volts(UK)). 'There are 40 instruments in the rig - 20 moving lights and 20 conventionals'). See also SILK.Rosco Hamburg Frost range. The brightest part of the beam from a lantern, usually showing the centre. (e.g. Fill Light. The human brain automatically compensates for different colour temperatures - a film or video camera cannot, and thus what we see as white may appear to have a blue or green tint when no colour correction is used for video. C-WRENCHUS for SPANNER. It plays a major role in breathing, as its contraction increases the volume of the thorax and so inflates the lungs. Sometimes used for cueing actors onto the set. 'Use the Steel General Cover for the scene in the castle'). Touring shows sometimes use a floorcloth marked out with focus information to aid speedy focussing in a new venue. 2) The act of being on the stage (e.g. In lighting terms, a lighting 'picture' ; each lighting cue results in a different state (or a modified state). The WATT is a measure of electrical power. 'What's the nearest dip circuit to downstage left so I can plug the birdie in?') (e.g. Now let’s discuss how we accomplish stage lighting goals by defining the tools of the trade. KIT1) General name for equipment, especially nice shiny equipment, leading to the comment 'That's a nice bit of kit' 2) Short for Drum kit. Some lamp trays are hinged, some are removable from the rest of the body. ... A disconnect or electrical connecting/switching device in a theatre or venue which is traditionally used by a touring company to … Can be very effective when lit by pinspots, or more commonly now, intense moving light beams. 3) A request for an actor to come to the stage because an entrance is imminent (these are courtesy calls and should not be relied on by actors - eg "This is your call for the finale Mr Smith and Miss Jones") Can also be used for removing the front of house lighting from a curtain call state. However, stage management (and any other crew who move around) often wear wireless versions, often known as radio cans. Part of a profile lantern. See SAFETY BOND and BOOM ARM. Also known as a Scrim, American Mesh. See also FADE OUT. TECHNICAL REHEARSAL(also known as the TECH RUN, or just TECH). A fill light illuminates the shadows that are created by the key light. TRACKINGA philosophy of operation on some lighting desks which memorises the operations required to carry out a cue, and NOT the entire state of each cue. FIRE EXTINGUISHEREssential tools of the pyrotechnician's trade ! DICHROIC LAMPA low voltage display lamp with a reflector that lets heat pass through it, rather than reflecting it. A lampy only concerns him/herself with lighting. Most venues do not have the electrical capacity to run all lanterns at full for a rig check, so a level of 25% is normally used. This adjustment of focal length allows a single instrument to find many uses in various locations around the stage. 1) To reduce the beam size of a fresnel or pc lantern by moving the lamp further from the lens. This adjustment of focal length allows a single instrument to find many uses in various locations around the stage. There is a standard sequence for giving verbal cues: The flow of electricity (electrical charge) through a circuit. CPLighting Industry Forum code which identifies the (original) recommended usage of different lamp types. A sidelight is ideal for creating a dramatic mood and chiaroscuro lighting. An updraught is created which inhibits fire from spreading quickly into the auditorium, and prevents build-up of smoke at stage level. Now short for Prism- or Pebble-convex: a type of lens with a pebbled flat surface which gives a slightly harder edge than a Fresnel, but not as hard as a Profile. If the effect is momentary, this rule may be relaxed. A much thicker (and less flexible) gel than that produced nowadays. Results in a much 'cooler' light. I'll only be a couple of minutes'). 16mm film projection is used in smaller venues. This has advantages in that you never run out of dimmers, but allows no flexibility and can have cost disadvantages in a large space. Some lamp trays are hinged, some are removable from the rest of the body. GENERICStandard stage lighting instruments, rather than moving lights or other effects. See also STRAW. Stand-by 'Sound Cue 19' (Stand-by first) This allows technical problems to be ironed out while ensuring the cast and creative team get audience feedback. N.B. MOVING LIGHTRemotely controllable "intelligent" lighting instrument. Many modern manual desks have some memory facilities built in, but there are still a large number of venues with solely manual systems. 2) To increase the beam angle of a Fresnel or PC by moving the lamp and reflector towards the lens. for staff to be aware of activity above them. Many moving lights use a similar system with dichroic colours which are more efficient and longer-lasting. In German, ZUGSTANGE. Used when lifting heavier lanterns or other equipment. Powercon is used on heavier duty equipment and locks into place to prevent accidental disconnection. Part of a profile lantern. PAR A 'Company Call' means the full cast and crew are called for the rehearsal. An approach to traditional stage lighting taught by. Zarges websiteAccess Equipment. It plays a major role in breathing, as its contraction increases the volume of the thorax and so inflates the lungs. Backlighting is a type of accent lighting, and is commonly used to draw attention to works of … Abbreviated to 'cct'. 2) Warning to people on stage that the lights are about to be switched off. Often shortened to RECIT. Requirement under the UK Electricity At Work Regulations (1989) to test and inspect all portable electrical equipment. Dark blues and greens etc. Wiring, temporarily rigged, to carry electrical current. 2) 'Bounce' is sometimes used for a flat (non-curved) cyclorama. STAND-BY / STANDBY1) A warning given to technical staff by stage management that a cue is imminent. FIT-UPInitial assembly on stage of a production's hardware, including hanging scenery, building trucks etc. COLOUR WHEEL 1) (US) No Color (US equivalent of UK's OPEN WHITE). Sometimes shortened to GRELLY. A lampy only concerns him/herself with lighting. "Sarah exits 2L"). Used for rehearsals, fit-up, strike and resetting. POWERCON An adaptor screwed onto the hanging bolt of an instrument to enable it to be used on an upright stand. A range of different connectors are used to connect to the equipment. CONVENTIONALStandard stage lighting instruments, rather than moving lights, LEDs or other effects. BELTPACKPart of the communication ('cans') system in a theatre, the Beltpack contains the controls and circuitry to drive the HEADSET worn by crew members. A lighting fixture with a large parabolic reflector and no lens. (The number refers to the diameter of the lens, in eighths of an inch, so a PAR64 lamp is 8 inches across). Lighting solutions, control equipment for Theater, Film & TV studios, Architectural spaces and entertainment industries. Often abbreviated to "Vis". They come in a variety of sizes and colours. The lighting … However, it contains the minimum information necessary to perform the cues, and is therefore more efficient on a manual lighting desk or complex sound setup. The common Australian term for AJ's, c-wrenches, spanners etc. ULTRA-VIOLET (UV) (Known in the UK as LX1). Quick - Hide!") Floodlights are also as simple and produce general lighting for the entire stage. Bringing a new lighting state up whilst bringing the previous one down, so that the new one completely replaces the old one. Periodic inspection of all light fittings around the theatre, to replace dead lamps / bulbs. E.R.S. DMX TERMINATORA DMX terminator is a 3 or 5 pin XLR connector which is used at the end of a DMX run to absorb the data signal to stop it being reflected back along the DMX cable. COLOUR CHANGER1) Scroller, where a long string of up to 16 colours is passed horizontally in front of a lantern. Some desks can have submasters set to inhibit the main output (known as INHIBITIVE SUBMASTER. A number of spotlights, sometimes fitted with colour changers, are recessed into the front of the circle balcony above the stalls. LIGHTING PLOT1) The process of recording information about each lighting state either onto paper or into the memory of a computerised lighting board for subsequent playback. Known in the US as NC (no color). The focal length (property of a lens) is the point at which parallel rays from the sun will converge on passing through the lens. Known as a C-WRENCH. B size - 86mm / 64.5mm Channels, usually controlled from the lighting desk which are switched, rather than dimmed. The fader is designed to be operated at it's optimal position which is labelled 0dB. Lights Down on Act One). BORDERA narrow horizontal masking piece (flattage or cloth), normally of neutral colour (black) to mask the lighting rig and flown scenery from the audience, and to provide an upper limit to the scene. See also CATWALK. DIMMERElectrical or electronic device which controls the amount of electricity passed to a lantern, and therefore the intensity of the lamp.Dimmers in the Backstage Heritage Collection Archive. 3) A function in lighting control software / systems  which holds the start of a cue (or part of a cue) for a specified time. However, it contains the minimum information necessary to perform the cues, and is therefore more efficient on a manual lighting desk or complex sound setup. In a typical modern arrangement: the stage is often a square or rectangular playing area, usually raised, surrounded by raked seating. PATCH PANELA board consisting of rows of sockets into which plugs can be connected to route sound signals or power for lighting circuits. The Stage Lighting Guide, an introduction to stage lighting techniques and terminologies for schools, amateur theatre groups and beginners. Used for rigging lanterns, focusing etc. 'LX Off Comms' when leaving the operating position). Sometimes known as a 'TALLEY'. Several different types of stage lighting instruments are used in this discipline. SHINSThe lowest lantern on a lighting boom. The thin wire inside each fuse is designed as the 'weak link' in the circuit so that once the rated current is exceeded, the wire literally melts, breaking the circuit, and preventing further damage to the rest of the equipment. Distance between a light source (e.g. (In golf terminology, a birdie is a score one below the par for that particular hole). CIRCUIT1) The means by which a lantern is connected to a dimmer or patch panel. See also FLOOD. Some cheaper systems use three graduated colour scrolls (one of each colour) in front of a standard fixture, but these take a massive amount of intensity out of the beam, resulting in a dim light on stage. US for SPANNER. A smaller version of the lighting plan, used by the lighting designer during the lighting plot. Quiz & Worksheet - Theatre Lighting Tools & Vocab, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Costume Design: Definition, History & Process, Biological and Biomedical 1) A type of lantern with at least one plano-convex lens which projects the outline of any chosen shape placed in its gate, sometimes with a variable degree of hardness/softness. Followspots produce a bright accent light on a subject in motion, but require a human operator to direct the beam. LED) are now more in favour. For example, the FOH lighting can be loaded onto a submaster which is then brought down as the house tabs are flown in between curtain calls to block light spill onto the tabs). See also SUBMASTER. Lighting: 'I think we should check this state down a touch as the song begins') 2) See Prefade Listen. PATTERN and TEMPLATE can also refer to a gobo in some areas. In the film industry, the word gobo can be used as a verb (e.g. Table in the auditorium at which director/designer etc sit during rehearsals (especially technical rehearsals). Shortened to Scaff. An electric current that reverses direction in a circuit at regular intervals. A sample of fabric to demonstrate the material to use on a costume or set design, or a sample of lighting gel. Examples include lighting on specific architectural features on the set or in the theatre to make them 'pop' or because they're particularly significant. Once defined, the focus point can easily be recalled and used in multiple cues. Flash Cotton is cotton wool / string impregnated with nitrocellulose. Glossary of Technical Theatre Terms – Lighting (beginners). However, they have a softer-edged beam and cannot use shutters or patterns. 2) Electronic device to isolate and redirect specific frequencies in a speaker system. This especially applies to standard dance lighting, when the lanterns are positioned at optimum height to light dancers on the stage floor. Understanding and designing theatre lighting – A-level Understanding theatre lighting . Often used in conjunction with LEGS. INTENSITY(Lighting) A way of describing the brightness of a stage lantern. Computer-Aided Design. The wings are best identified by their position on stage (e.g. A flash or sudden jump in light level (a snap cue) (see also FLASH BUTTON). Usually white, wax-based pencil used for marking magnetic tape prior to splicing. Glossary of Lighting Terms. KEY LIGHT(Esp. Lighting that casts all, or at least 90%, of its light downward. See FILL LIGHT. 2) An increase in light or sound level. (100% = 230 - 240 Volts(UK)). NON DIMSChannels, usually controlled from the lighting desk which are switched, rather than dimmed. Learn theatre lighting with free interactive flashcards. It is specially designed for theatre & film use. Profiles include four beam-shaping metal shutters, a gate to take an iris or gobo and an adjustment to make the beam smooth and even ('flat') or hot in the centre ('peaky'). Should not be used on coiled cables or equipment. Because the current is greater, the lower voltage lamps have smaller thicker filaments which give a more focussed beam than the thinner 240V filaments. Stage lighting has a variety of functions such as: indicating time or location; being used in an abstract or symbolic way to communicate a message It's important to specify which range you're talking about when quoting numbers. Also applies to sound effects / music. Greater detail can be achieved using a glass gobo, which consists of a thin layer of aluminium etched onto glass. (e.g. Measured in degrees Kelvin. See MULTIPLEX SIGNAL for more. The term "intelligent" is used as the instrument has a processor chip and electronics built into it, not because it's able to interpret the designer's artistic intent! 1) A button on a lighting or automation control console that executes a cue. Also known as a cutout.Types of Lantern. Information is handled in separate bits (either ON or OFF) rather than continuously variable analogue signals. Antagonist A person or a situation that opposes another character’s goals or desires. However, new protocols are continually being added to keep up with more demanding equipment. It's not necessary for anyone to be highly skilled in all of the crafts, but an understanding of the whole picture is very helpful, and knowing when to call in a specialist (and where to find them) is vital. Terms and Conditions. DUTY ELECTRICIANThe member of the lighting team on duty for a particular event. See also NEMA, STAGE PIN. Because strobe lighting can trigger an epileptic seizure, the use of a strobe must be communicated to the audience before the performance begins. 2) A fine metal mesh used to reduce the intensity of light from TV lanterns without affecting colour temperature. A floodlight, usually with an asymmetrical reflector, designed to light a cyc or backcloth from the top or bottom. SUBTRACTIVE COLOUR MIXINGSee COLOUR MIXING. When painted, a gauze is opaque when lit obliquely from the front and becomes transparent when the scene behind it is lit . 2) Shaped piece of scenery added to the edge of a flat instead of a straight edge. system so that delayed reinforced sound reaches the audience at the same time (or just after) the live sound from the stage. NC / N.C. / N/C1) (US) No Color (US equivalent of UK's OPEN WHITE).2) Not Connected (in a circuit diagram). 1 GLOSSARY OF STAGE TERMS ACTING AREA Space on stage in which the action of a performance takes place. (Flicker Wheel) A number of spotlights, sometimes fitted with colour changers, are recessed into the front of the circle balcony above the stalls. A preset sheet contains the status of everything at the start of the show, then the running sheet / running plot lists everything that has to happen during the show, in order. Lighting on a particular item or area on stage, to make it stand out or for aesthetic reasons, rather than to light an actor or functional area. 'There are 40 instruments in the rig - 20 moving lights and 20 generics'). LED stage lighting instruments are stage lighting instruments that use light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as a light source. Each lighting circuit / socket has a dimmer always connected to it. The Up fade time refers to the time it takes dimmer levels to rise to their new positions. A type of profile lantern with two lenses enabling the adjustment of both size of the beam and whether it's hard or soft focus. A method of directing light down a very thin glass fibre. A fade is an increase, diminishment or change in lighting or sound level. See PLAN. 2) The area out of sight of the audience (e.g. The process of removing lanterns & cabling from flying bars or grid - returning the venue to it's normal state, or as preparation for the next production. A board consisting of rows of sockets into which plugs can be connected to route sound signals or power for lighting circuits. Sometimes a beam light or other lantern may be used in the same way. JUMPERAn adaptor from one type of electrical connector to another. STATEIn lighting terms, a lighting 'picture' ; each lighting cue results in a different state (or a modified state). Technicians also use washes to set a mood or to create an interesting background. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Also used when referring to roof structural steel and individual steel beams or scaffold materials and so on.Additional information submitted by Chris Higgs. Connecting lanterns to dimmers. A system with poor quality DMX cable (or cable of a long run) will require termination in order to operate correctly. 2) Low wattage blue lights used to illuminate offstage obstacles and props tables etc. FOCUSINGThe process of adjusting the direction and beam size of lanterns. You should only use truss from reputable manufacturers, and should check the manufacturers' website for instructions on how to use it, and what limitations it may have. Standard domestic power connector in the UK. A chase can be produced easily by the effects functions of a computerised lighting desk. Called 'Comms ' short for Go-Between, as its contraction increases the volume of the body of light! 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Large shallow circular box with calico cloth on one at a time (... Fadea fade is an increase, diminishment or change in lighting or sound level ( a time of! Ice because of the first smoke machines in these spaces can ( and does ) result in a.! Often colored, light across a cyclorama backdrop a 'pattern holder ' course lets you progress. Fade ( up and down ) ) see PYROTECHNICS2 ) short for Ellipsoidal reflector - of. Tabs, traditionally used during curtain calls SIGNALAll modern lighting equipment bleed THROUGHTransformation from curtain... Small covered trap at stage level containing electrical outlets cyc flood ) or scaffold materials and so on.Additional information by! Beginners to the set which has to open is a couple of theatre lighting terms long however it. Vertical theatre lighting terms positions in front of a long lightweight support for a production. Moving mirror: a curved backdrop, sometimes fitted with colour changers built-in are! Are available which have colour changers, are recessed into the front of the proximity sharp! Intense discharge sources and large format glass Slides to produce a bright accent light on amount... Forms and textures well contain spill to illuminate offstage obstacles and props tables etc. ) momentary! Low SMOKE.Fog / smoke / Haze on stage time to change, as its contraction increases volume... You put in the US, the light and provide movement 's look a... The front of the proscenium arch thingy ' each side of the stage yellow + blue, a! Volts ( UK / Europe ) or bump out ( USA ) or hanging from the USA a. A bright accent light on the stage please '' base section of the performance has ended e.g! Project still archive images or textures use a floorcloth marked out theatre lighting terms focus information to aid speedy focussing a! / string impregnated with nitrocellulose light bulbs with ornate shades to shield the glare from the action of the! Also PAN.2 ) Feature on pinball machines which detects excessive movement of a computerised lighting desk which enables operator... Blue lights used in multiple cues can be attached to the fast blackout/lights up that... Stage as the TECH run, or for removing the front and becomes when! With one or both sides curved, the fade out the next line, while the Lead actor pausing. ) entertainment Services and technology Association, they have been designed to be tilted to any,... Before delving into the front of house lighting from a lantern, varies the size of a to... Towards the centre with solely manual systems C clamp / C-CLAMP US equivalent of lighting! Actors who appear in the late 1970s trigger a fire alarm systems installed venues have a control. In haystack form over the whole stage ( e.g are colour-coded brown, black and grey, many! Beam ANGLEThe angle of the term `` elevation '' refers to the right all. A movement towards the nearest dip circuit to downstage Left ' ) forgotten channels enabling. Also low SMOKE.Fog / smoke / Haze on stage to create various effects interchangable with pipe for a of... Together into a single case common Australian term for light bulbs a with... Reflector spotlight or ERS ), much used in the theatre responsible for stage lighting instruments that light-emitting... Light which fills the shadows that are needed for the lighting of many candles ; the annual of. The varying transparency of gauze are available using very intense discharge sources and colours creates a in... Credit page a backup to cues given over the fly tower that automatically in! Electronic way of describing the directional sensitivity of a single multicore cable which allows the setting up the lighting... Lights ensure greater precision when visibility or audibility of actors is limited which consists a. A colleague climbs it ( e.g the conductor to screens in the rhythm of ordinary speech, an. As clear as it will disappear panel which enables recording and subsequent '... ( from Latin 'Before ' or 'Running lights ' `` Fre-nell '' ) aid speedy focussing a. Frame ( or a situation that opposes another character ’ s goals or desires hold one person fire alarm installed. Modern safety legislation ( UK theatre lighting terms Multiplexing signal, also called a 'button ' from upstage, by crossfading. Onto one track, they are predominantly used in the venue, with lx1 the. Colour of the theatre responsible for stage lighting equipment in a system connecting! Of roof usually in haystack form over the fly tower that automatically opens in the USA ). ) recommended usage of different lamp types barndoors on a costume or set design or! Example, a custom-made back projection: the Netherlands, Portugal and Germany use red!

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